I did not submit them because I totally disagree with recent MSRC changes in their policies, so when I discovered that they were fixed with latest security updates I decided to share my findings.
So here we are, this is the first one (next to come hopefully soon). I won’t dig too much in details. Let’s start from Group Policy caching again. This “feature” is enabled by default but can be turned off and in Windows Servers it’s disabled by default.
When GP Caching is disabled a new privilege escalation is possible (more on this later). If certain policies are configured, the file “ntuser.pol” is written in c:\programdata\microsoft\grouppolicy\users\<sid>.
The domain user has Full Control (!) over this directory and on ntuser.pol too. The file has hidden and system attributes but we can of course remove them..
Let’s see what happens with procmon..
This is interesting!
The file ntuser.pol is renamed to tempntuser.pol by the group policy service running as SYSTEM. Got it? At the end “tempntuser.pol” is deleted:
So we can obviously perform an “arbitrary delete” by abusing our so loved symlinks via “\RPC Control” but the rename operation can permit us to write a file (with filename and contents under our control) with SYSTEM privileges and that’s a real EoP! We also need to inhibit the file deletion, otherwise our file won’t exist any more at the end of the process.
The procedure is rather simple, I think that this simple batch file is more than sufficient 🙂
“test.dll” is our “source” file that we will put in a directory where we have full control, because during move operations, the file maintains his source ACL
The “poc.exe” simply waits until the file is created in our target directory and then places an oplock in order to prevent the deletion (which will fail because of sharing violations)
And at the very end we have our file written in System32 with full control over it!!
But why do we have full control under the <SID> directory? Well, what I observed is that when group policy caching is enabled, a “Datastore” sub-directory is created and correct permissions are then set.. (see also my previous post)
That’s all 😉